What makes that a representation has the content it does?

Walter Riofrio, Universidad Peruana Cayetano Heredia, Peru

Framed in the context of process metaphysics, Bickhard proposed an account on the nature of contents in representations. His proposal intend to develop a naturalistic emergence of representations; mainly, if norms were emergent from non-normative phenomena, that could unify the factual and normative world. One important problem to deal with is how to explain, naturalistically, the emergence of contents without appealing at some form of adscription coming from the human world. We will argue that this task was done with certain success but some problems remain. Specially, ‘interactive representation’ notion produces the emergence of the normativity of truth value – true or false - and, it presupposes that the indication of the appropriateness of an interaction is an indication that the environment is appropriate for that interaction. As a consequence, the emergence of interactive representation makes that the content is intrinsic, internal, to the interaction indications. How could we understand the ‘interaction indications’ in properly naturalistic terms? In this presentation, we will highlight the ways in which we could remove the remaining problems. We will address such problems by using another form of understanding the emergence of functionality in living systems and our claim that we could talk about the emergence of ‘meaningful information’ since the beginnings of pre-biotic systems.